Loperamid

Loperamide

Do not take Loperamide:

  • If you are allergic (allergic) to loperamide hydrochloride or any of the other ingredients of Loperamide.
  • Loperamide should not be used when peristaltic inhibition should be avoided, especially when ileus and constipation are present or when bloating occurs, especially in highly dehydrated children or in patients with acute ulcerative colitis and pseudomembranous colitis, when using spectral antibiotics wide range of action.
  • Loperamide should not be used alone in acute dysentery which is characterized by bloody stools and high fever.
  • Loperamide is contraindicated in hepatic insufficiency, due to the possibility of relative overdose;
  • For this reason Loperamide should not be used in children younger than 2 years.

Use Loperamide

  • Loperamide has a symptomatic effect on acute and chronic diarrhea of ​​non-infectious origin. Patients should take fluids and electrolytes, as well as apply a suitable day. If diarrhea is not controlled within 48 hours, then other causes of this pathology must be identified.
  • Long-term use of Loperamide is best avoided.
  • Special care should be taken in young children, due to large fluctuations in response, especially when children are dehydrated.
  • Caution should also be exercised in the elderly and in patients with severe hepatic impairment in whom signs of toxic effects on the central nervous system may become apparent.
  • With the slightest suspicion of toxic megacolon, loperamide treatment should be discontinued immediately.
  • There are no data on harmful effects of the drug during pregnancy, but it should be used in this period only in urgent cases and only when the potential benefit to the mother justifies the potential risk to the fetus.
  • Although the amount of grass excreted in breast milk is extremely low, it is recommended that breastfeeding be discontinued during treatment.
  • In some special patients, loperamide, although in rare cases may cause dizziness and fatigue in these cases patients should be advised by the doctor and pharmacist not to drive and work with machinery until the side effects of disappear completely.
  • Loperamide does not impair psychomotor abilities and does not give a sedative and drowsiness effect.

Pregnancy

There are no data on harmful effects of the drug during pregnancy, but it should be used in this period only in urgent moments and only when the potential benefit to the mother justifies the potential risk to the fetus.

Breastfeeding

Although part of the drug is excreted in breast milk is extremely low, it is recommended that breastfeeding be discontinued during treatment.

Driving and using machines

In some special patients, Loperamide, although in rare cases may cause dizziness and fatigue;

In these cases patients should be advised by the doctor and pharmacist not to drive or operate machinery until the side effects have completely disappeared.

Age Daily Dosage 1 tablet 2mg

Initial treatment Subsequent treatment

  • Adults and children over 12 years 2 tablets and then continue with 1 tablet after each defecation 1 tablet after each defecation, maximum 8 tablets
  • Children 8 - 12 years 1 tablet and then continue with 1 tablet after each defecation Maximum 6 tablets
  • Children 5 - 8 years old Maximum 4 tablets
  • Children 2 - 5 years old Maximum 1.5 tablets

If you take more Loperamide:

If you have taken more Loperamide than you should, or if your children have taken this medicine by mistake, please contact your doctor, hospital or emergency room for advice on risk and advice on what to do. should be undertaken.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS OF LOPERAMID

  • Like all medicines, Loperamide can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
  • Sometimes they are serious sometimes not.
  • Do not be alarmed by this list of possible side effects.
  • You may not see any of them.
  • At the recommended doses and taking into account the contraindications, no significant adverse effects were observed, even after long-term use.
  • The side effects reported by the use of Loperamide are difficult to distinguish from the symptoms that accompany diarrheal syndrome.

Side effects that may occur are:

  • hypersensitivity reactions (including exanthema),
  • bloating and discomfort,
  • nausea, vomiting,
  • abdominal pain, constipation,
  • drowsiness, dizziness,
  • dry mouth.
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